Video: How To Set Basic Parameters for Nozzle FEM

Nozzle-FEM is designed for stresses and flexibility calculation of nozzle-to-shell junctions using the Finite Element Method (FEM). The program also calculates nozzle’s allowable loads and estimates strength of the nozzle’s junctions for wide range of geometric configurations and operating conditions. Nozzle-FEM helps to provide higher level of the equipment safety along with reducing labour costs at the design stage. The program is recommended for designing and industrial safety review of oil and gas, refining, petrochemical, chemical, power and other industrial facilities.

Unlike the universal FEM programs (ANSYS, NASTRAN, COSMOS, etc.), this program does not require special training and can be used by any mechanical engineer. Creation of finite element mesh and estimation of calculation results are performed automatically. FEM calculation, as opposed to semi-analytic methods (i.e. WRC 107/297, GOST 34233.3-2007, etc.), expands the program application range and increases analysis accuracy.

The program performs stress analysis for nozzles (including trunnions) of arbitrary geometry connected to cylindrical and conical shells, as well as elliptic, hemispherical and flat heads. It takes into account vessel boundary restraints and loads on the nozzle from the adjacent pipeline. Both nozzle and shell membrane, bending and total stresses can be calculated. Calculation of the pipe branch connections is also implemented, enabling detailed stress analysis of non-standard tees and pipelines branch connections.

Along with stress and stability analysis the program also performs nozzle-shell junction flexibility calculation, as this flexibility can considerably influence vessel and piping stresses. During stress analysis of pipeline systems nozzle-vessel junctions are often simulated by anchor supports which leads to overestimation of stresses and tensions. In order to automatically create the appropriate non-standard support in the calculation model, the nozzle-shell junction flexibility calculated by Nozzle-FEM can be copied via the clipboard into the PASS/START-PROF piping stress analysis program.

Stress state can be estimated by different codes: ASME VIII div.1,2; EN 13445-3; GOST 34233.1-2007; JB 4732-1995; PNAE G-7-002-86 (for equipment and pipelines of nuclear power plants) for allowable stresses. Vessel stress and stability analysis (according to GOST 34233.2-2007) is also implemented, as well as reinforcement required of openings under internal pressure (GOST R 52857.3-2007). Nozzle-shell junctions working in corrosive hydrogen sulphide environment are analysed in accordance with GOST 34233.10-2007.

Besides finite element method calculation, the program supports CIF and flexibility calculation via semi-analytic methods according to WRC107-79, WRC297-87 (Welding Research Council Bulletins No. 107, No. 297 “Local stresses in spherical and cylindrical casings caused by the external loads”) and BS5500-76 (British standard).

The calculation results can be automatically reported in RTF.

In this Nozzle FEM Video series created by PASS distributor in Australia – Moonish Engineering how to set the basic parameters for nozzle FEM will be explained.

Alex Matveev

Alex Matveev is one of the authors of pipe stress analysis codes GOST 32388-2013 Process Piping, and GOST 55596-2013 District Heating Networks. He is also one of the developers of PASS/Start-Prof software, which is developed since 1965 and used in 95% of process, power, district heating, gas and oil transportation design companies in Russia and CIS countries; it is industry standard in that region

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