Creep Rupture Usage Factor for Allowable Variations in Elevated Temperature Service

Appendix V of ASME B31.3-2018 code covers the application of the Linear Life Fraction Rule, which provides a method for evaluating variations at elevated temperatures above design conditions where material creep properties control the allowable stress at the temperature of the variation.

What is Creep-Rupture Usage Factor?

The calculated value of Creep-Rupture Usage Factor “u” indicates the nominal amount of creep-rupture life expended during the service life of
the piping system. If u ≤ 1.0, the usage factor is acceptable. If u > 1.0, the designer shall either increase the design conditions (selecting piping system
components of a higher allowable working pressure if necessary) or reduce the number and/or severity of excursions until the usage factor is acceptable

i – as a subscript, 1 for the prevalent operating condition

ti – total duration, h, associated with any service condition, i, at pressure, Pi, and temperature, Ti

tri – allowable rupture life, h, associated with a given
service condition i and stress, Si

Ti – temperature, °C (°F), of the component for the coincident operating pressure–temperature condition i under consideration

C – Larson-Miller constant. C = 30 for 9Cr–1Mo–V; C = 20 for carbon, low, and intermediate alloy steels, except 9Cr–1Mo–V; C = 15 for austenitic stainless steel and high nickel alloys

TE – effective temperature, °C (°F) from Table A-1 or Table A-1M, find the temperature corresponding to basic allowable stress equal to the equivalent stress, Si, using linear interpolation if necessary. This temperature, TE, is the effective temperature for service condition i.

The equivalent stress, Si, calculated as following

SL – the maximum stress due to sustained loads, during service condition i

Spi – pressure-based equivalent stress, MPa (ksi)

Pmax – maximum allowable gage pressure, kPa (psig), for continuous operation of pipe or component at design temperature, considering allowances, c, and mill tolerance, but without considering weld joint strength reduction factor, W; weld joint quality factors, Ej; or casting quality factor, Ec

Sd – allowable stress, MPa (ksi), at design temperature, °C (°F)

Pi – gage pressure, kPa (psig), during service condition i

Calculation of Creep-Rupture Usage Factor

The latest version of modern professional PASS/START-PROF software includes the ability to automatically calculate the Creep-Rupture Usage Factor for the piping system.

Firstly, the material database contains the Larson-Miller constant for every material as shown in Fig. 1 below.

Larson-Miller Constant in Start-Prof
Fig. 1: Larson-Miller Constant in Start-Prof

Secondly, the operation mode editor contains the time duration for each operation mode

Time Duration in Operation mode editor
Fig. 2: Time Duration in Operation mode editor

And thirdly, the code stress table contains the column, where the “u” factor is printed. If you move the mouse over the table cell, you will see the calculation details (As shown in Fig. 3 below)

Creep-Rupture Usage Factor output in Start-Prof
Fig. 3: Creep-Rupture Usage Factor output in Start-Prof

The more information about the new modern pipe stress analysis software PASS/START-PROF and analysis methods you may learn from the resources web page and from Start-Prof basics and tutorials.

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Alex Matveev

Alex Matveev is one of the authors of pipe stress analysis codes GOST 32388-2013 Process Piping, and GOST 55596-2013 District Heating Networks. He is also one of the developers of PASS/Start-Prof software, which is developed since 1965 and used in 95% of process, power, district heating, gas and oil transportation design companies in Russia and CIS countries; it is industry standard in that region. He is the head of the PASS/START-PROF pipe stress analysis software development team. Also, He offers technical support and training for users of their software that number already 3000+, developing since 1965, industry standard in several countries for 50+ years, translated into English in 2017, come out from their domestic market, and started sales for the international market since 2018.

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