A literature on “Cold Springing (Cold Pull) In Piping Systems”

Definition of Cold Spring: Cold spring is the process of intentional deformation (usually accomplished by cutting short or long the pipe runs between two anchors) of piping during assembly to

Does Friction Forces Exist in Cold State of Piping or Not?

Some users of START-PROF Piping Stress Analysis software ask the same question: Why loads and displacements are not zero in cold state? I will try to explain this phenomena in