Pipe Weight Calculation is a very important parameter in piping engineering. Pipe weight is directly related to its thickness (Pipe Schedule). The more the pipe thickness or pipe schedule the more is the pipe weight. The more the pipe weight, the more will be its rigidity and less flexibility. More pipe weight means more cost of procurement. More pipe weights adds more loads on the pipe supports requiring more robust structural member requirements. So, we can say pipe weight is related to overall plant cost in some way. In this article we will explore the pipe weight calculation methodologies.

## Pipe Weight Calculation Formula

To calculate mass of any object we can use the following formula

**Mass (M)= Density (D) X Volume (V)** …(eqn. 1)

Pipe weight is also calculated using the same equation. Pipe weight is normally expressed in Pipe Weight per meter of length of Pipe Weight per foot of length. Also, there are two other terms associated with pipe weight calculation. These are

- Empty Pipe Weight Calculation and
- Water filled Pipe Weight Calculation.

### Empty Pipe Weight Calculation

Empty pipe weight means pipe weight without any content inside it. So, it is the weight of the metal present in the pipe. Refer to Fig. 1 below:

So following eqn. 1 above we have to calculate the volume (V) of the pipe first and then we have to multiply the calculated volume with pipe material density (D) in consistent unit. To calculate the volume of the pipe we need the following parameters:

- Pipe Outside Diameter (OD) (Obtained from ASME B 36.10M / ASME B 36.19M)
- Pipe Thickness (T) (Obtained from ASME B 36.10M / ASME B 36.19M), and
- Length of Pipe (=1 as pipe weight is expressed in pipe weight per unit length)
- The inside diameter (ID) of the pipe can easily be calculated as
**ID=OD-2T** - Pipe Metal Cross Section is calculated as
**Π (OD**^{2}-ID^{2})/4

The volume (V) of the pipe is calculated as V=Pipe metal cross-sectional area X length of pipe = {Π (OD^{2}-ID^{2})/4} * 1

Let’s calculate the weight of a 6 inch CS pipe with Sch. 40 as pipe thickness. From ASME B 36.10M

- Pipe OD=168.3 mm
- Pipe Thickness=7.11 mm
- Hence, ID=168.3-2*7.11=154.08 mm
- Metal Cross Sectional Area=(Π)*(168.3
^{2}– 154.08^{2})=3600.4565 mm^{2} - So volume for a unit length of pipe=3600.4565 * 1= 3600.4565 mm
^{3}=(3600.4565/1000000) =0.0036004565 m^{3}

So now we have to multiply this volume by CS pipe density (7850Kg/m^{3}) to get the actual weight of 1 m of pipe length.

So Metal weight of 1 m of Pipe length=0.0036004565*7850=28.26358356 Kg.

To calculate the pipe weight for more lengths simply multiply the above value with the actual length of the pipe.

Similarly, we can calculate an empty pipe weight per foot of length by considering all the above values in a consistent FPS unit system.

### Water-Filled Pipe Weight

Water filled pipe weight is required to calculate the loads during hydro testing. For the structural supporting design of non-critical lines, pipe loads are calculated or approximated based on water-filled pipe weight.

To calculate content (water) weight inside the pipe we have to multiply the water density (1000 Kg/m^{3}) with internal pipe cross-sectional volume **1*(Π * ID ^{2})/4**.

For the above pipe under consideration, the internal pipe cross-sectional area=Π*154.08^{2}/4=18645.86008 mm^{2}=18645.86008/1000000=0.01864586006 m^{2}

So weight of water content inside the pipe per meter of length=1000*0.01864586006=18.64586 Kg/m.

Now add this content weight with the metal pipe weight to get the total water filled pipe weight. So,

#### Water-filled Pipe Weight (Kg/m)=Weight of empty pipe (Kg/m)+ Weight of Content (Kg/m)

In the above example, Water filled pipe weight=28.26+18.65=46.91 Kg/m

By simply multiplying the above value (46.91 Kg/m) with the actual pipe length you can calculate the water filled pipe weight in Kg.

## Pipe Weight Calculator

I have prepared one Pipe weight Calculator using the above-mentioned steps and attached here for your considerations. The metric unit system is used in the Pipe Weight Calculator excel-sheet. Simply, input your data in yellow highlighted boxes and get the actual calculated values at ease. You can down the pipe weight calculator by clicking the download button shown below.

This Pipe Weight calculator can be used to calculate the weights of any piping material by changing the pipe density to corresponding pipe material density. So PVC pipe weight, Copper pipe weight, GRE Pipe Weight, Aluminum Pipe Weight, etc. can easily be calculated using the attached Pipe Weight calculator.

## Steel Pipe Weight Chart

For Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel pipes, the pipe weight per foot or pipe weight per meter of length can easily be taken directly from the Steel Pipe Weight Chart Provided in ASME B 36.10M (For Carbon Steel) or ASME B 36.19M (For Stainless Steel).

Those two ASME codes provide the Steel pipe weights directly in their tables. Part of the table from ASME B 36.10M for a 6-inch line that we considered above as an example is produced here to explain the chart.

As you can see that the empty pipe weight that we calculated for 6-inch Sch. 40 pipe is matching exactly with the value provided in the above ASME Code.

However, the above steel pipe weight chart provides only the empty pipe weight value directly. Water-filled pipe weight you have to manually calculate using the above procedure.

Both Empty pipe weight and Water-filled pipe weight can easily be obtained if you have Pipedata-Pro software. That software directly gives the pipe weight values of all pipe sizes corresponding to pipe thicknesses. Fig. 3 shows the sample pipedata-Pro Screen shot for the 6 inch Sch. 40 pipe that we considered in our pipe weight calculation.

The above values are showing in pipe weight in Kg/m. However, You can easily change the unit if you need data for Pipe weight per foot.

Thank you Sir, for your information

Dear Anup, thanks a lot for this and all great post.

Sir,

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